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Print awareness

One of the key factors differentiating literacy learning of children from literate backgrounds and non-literate backgrounds is their knowledge of print, something that literate adults usually take for granted and therefore do not deliberately focus on in their instruction. Children from literate backgrounds, whose parents may read out stories to them, or who may have seen their parents reading a newspaper regularly, know many things about print. They may know that while reading Marathi (or several other Indian languages), one reads from left to write. They understand that what one says can be written, and what is written can be transformed again and again into oral language. They may also be able to identify some frequently recurring simple words in the text. This understanding plays a crucial role in developing reading proficiency when a child is formally introduced to the script.
The print awareness test (based on Marie Clay’s work) was a part of the LiRIL Instructor Tool. The objective was to gauge the extent to which print awareness at an early age is a predictor of later reading proficiency.