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Sonale Project: LiRIL

Supported by: 
Sir Ratan Tata Trust
Status Date: 
Wednesday, October 3, 2018


Partners: Azim Premji University

     Kalike Samruddhi Upakram (KSU), Yadgir, Karnataka

Literacy Research in Indian Languages (LiRIL) was a long-term research project attempting to study how children become literate in two Indian Languages – Marathi and Kannada. Sonale was the Marathi site of the study.

The Project Officer and Field Investigators collected data of 364 selected children twice a year. The data collection tool was specially designed for this purpose. Some case studies were also conducted in a longitudinal manner.

After completion of the field work, the team at APU consolidated the data and put together the observations in the form of a report. The study provided insights into shortcomings in the curriculum, teaching techniques and key gaps that need to be bridged. The three-year meticulous research has led to solutions that hold the potential to reform early education in India. A soft copy of the report is available here:

With insights from this project, manuals for teachers have been designed, which can be found on this link: